Wednesday, 14 March 2018

Stephen Hawking: A visionary physicist and an inspiration dies aged 76.

World renowned physicist Stephen Hawking has died at the age of 76
Stephen Hawking



He died peacefully at his home in Cambridge in the early hours of Wednesday, his family said.

The British scientist was famed for his work with black holes and relativity, and wrote several popular science books including A Brief History of Time.



I’m not afraid of death, but I’m in no hurry to die. I have so much I want to do first


At the age of 22 Prof Hawking was given only a few years to live after being diagnosed with a rare form of motor neurone disease.

The illness left him in a wheelchair and largely unable to speak except through a voice synthesiser.

His family released a statement in the early hours of Wednesday morning confirming his death at his home in Cambridge.

Hawking’s children, Lucy, Robert and Tim, said in a statement: “We are deeply saddened that our beloved father passed away today. He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live on for many years. His courage and persistence with his brilliance and humour inspired people across the world.

“He once said: ‘It would not be much of a universe if it wasn’t home to the people you love.’ We will miss him for ever.”

Prof Hawking was the first to set out a theory of cosmology as a union of relativity and quantum mechanics.

He also discovered that black holes leak energy and fade to nothing - a phenomenon that would later become known as Hawking radiation.

Through his work with mathematician Sir Roger Penrose he demonstrated that Einstein's general theory of relativity implies space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes.




The scientist gained popularity outside the academic world and appeared in several TV shows including The Simpsons, Red Dwarf and The Big Bang Theory.

READ ALSO: The Historic Einstein-Tagore Meeting.


His most famous book - A Brief History of Time - has now shot to the top of the Amazon Best Sellers list.

The Motor Neurone Disease Association, of which Prof Hawking had been a patron since 2008, reported that its website had crashed because of an influx of donations to the charity.



Factfile: Stephen Hawking

  • Born 8 January 1942 in Oxford, England
  • Earned place at Oxford University to read natural science in 1959, before studying for his PhD at Cambridge
  • By 1963, was diagnosed with motor neurone disease and given two years to live
  • Outlined his theory that black holes emit "Hawking radiation" in 1974
  • In 1979, he became the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge - a post once held by Sir Isaac Newton
  • Published his book A Brief History of Time in 1988, which has sold more than 10 million copies
  • In the late 1990s, he was reportedly offered a knighthood, but 10 years later revealed he had turned it down over issues with the government's funding for science










The Historic Einstein-Tagore Meeting: Einstein's "DESI" Connections.

Tagore-Einstein




It was on the edge of Berlin on July 14, 1930, that science and spirituality came together in one of the most intellectually stimulating conversations in history, as Albert Einstein met with the Indian philosopher Rabindranath Tagore in his own house.


The conversation that ensued is detailed in Science and the Indian Tradition: When Einstein Met Tagore by David L. Gosling, a book that covers the blossoming of intellectual thought in early twentieth century India, amid the already strong Indian spiritual traditions.


The following excerpt from one of Einstein and Tagore’s conversations dances between previously examined definitions of science, beauty, consciousness, and philosophy in a masterful meditation on the most fundamental questions of human existence.


EINSTEIN: Do you believe in the Divine as isolated from the world?

TAGORE: Not isolated. The infinite personality of Man comprehends the Universe. There cannot be anything that cannot be subsumed by the human personality, and this proves that the Truth of the Universe is human Truth.
I have taken a scientific fact to explain this — Matter is composed of protons and electrons, with gaps between them; but the matter may seem to be solid. Similarly, humanity is composed of individuals, yet they have their interconnection of human relationship, which gives living unity to man’s world. The entire universe is linked up with us in a similar manner, it is a human universe. I have pursued this thought through art, literature and the religious consciousness of man.

EINSTEIN: There are two different conceptions about the nature of the universe: (1) The world as a unity dependent on humanity. (2) The world as a reality independent of the human factor.

TAGORE: When our universe is in harmony with Man, the eternal, we know it as Truth, we feel it as beauty.

EINSTEIN: This is the purely human conception of the universe.

TAGORE: There can be no other conception. This world is a human world — the scientific view of it is also that of the scientific man. There is some standard of reason and enjoyment which gives it Truth, the standard of the Eternal Man whose experiences are through our experiences.

EINSTEIN: This is a realization of the human entity.

TAGORE: Yes, one eternal entity. We have to realize it through our emotions and activities. We realized the Supreme Man who has no individual limitations through our limitations. Science is concerned with that which is not confined to individuals; it is the impersonal human world of Truths. Religion realizes these Truths and links them up with our deeper needs; our individual consciousness of Truth gains universal significance. Religion applies values to Truth, and we know this Truth as good through our own harmony with it.

EINSTEIN: Truth, then, or Beauty is not independent of Man?

TAGORE: No.

EINSTEIN: If there would be no human beings any more, the Apollo of Belvedere would no longer be beautiful.

TAGORE: No.

EINSTEIN: I agree with regard to this conception of Beauty, but not with regard to Truth.

TAGORE: Why not? Truth is realized through man.

EINSTEIN: I cannot prove that my conception is right, but that is my religion.

TAGORE: Beauty is in the ideal of perfect harmony which is in the Universal Being; Truth the perfect comprehension of the Universal Mind. We individuals approach it through our own mistakes and blunders, through our accumulated experiences, through our illumined consciousness — how, otherwise, can we know Truth?

EINSTEIN: I cannot prove scientifically that Truth must be conceived as a Truth that is valid independent of humanity; but I believe it firmly. I believe, for instance, that the Pythagorean theorem in geometry states something that is approximately true, independent of the existence of man. Anyway, if there is a reality independent of man, there is also a Truth relative to this reality; and in the same way the negation of the first engenders a negation of the existence of the latter.

TAGORE: Truth, which is one with the Universal Being, must essentially be human, otherwise whatever we individuals realize as true can never be called truth – at least the Truth which is described as scientific and which only can be reached through the process of logic, in other words, by an organ of thoughts which is human. According to Indian Philosophy, there is Brahman, the absolute Truth, which cannot be conceived by the isolation of the individual mind or described by words but can only be realized by completely merging the individual in its infinity. But such a Truth cannot belong to Science. The nature of Truth which we are discussing is an appearance – that is to say, what appears to be true to the human mind and therefore is human, and may be called Maya or illusion.

EINSTEIN: So according to your conception, which may be the Indian conception, it is not the illusion of the individual, but of humanity as a whole.

TAGORE: The species also belongs to a unity, to humanity. Therefore the entire human mind realizes Truth; the Indian or the European mind meet in a common realization.

EINSTEIN: The word species is used in German for all human beings, as a matter of fact, even the apes and the frogs would belong to it.

TAGORE: In science, we go through the discipline of eliminating the personal limitations of our individual minds and thus reach that comprehension of Truth which is in the mind of the Universal Man.

EINSTEIN: The problem begins whether Truth is independent of our consciousness.

TAGORE: What we call truth lies in the rational harmony between the subjective and objective aspects of reality, both of which belong to the super-personal man.

EINSTEIN: Even in our everyday life we feel compelled to ascribe a reality independent of man to the objects we use. We do this to connect the experiences of our senses in a reasonable way. For instance, if nobody is in this house, yet that table remains where it is.

TAGORE: Yes, it remains outside the individual mind, but not the universal mind. The table which I perceive is perceptible by the same kind of consciousness which I possess.

EINSTEIN: If nobody would be in the house the table would exist all the same — but this is already illegitimate from your point of view — because we cannot explain what it means that the table is there, independently of us.
Our natural point of view in regard to the existence of truth apart from humanity cannot be explained or proved, but it is a belief which nobody can lack — no primitive beings even. We attribute to Truth a super-human objectivity; it is indispensable for us, this reality which is independent of our existence and our experience and our mind — though we cannot say what it means.

TAGORE: Science has proved that the table as a solid object is an appearance and therefore that which the human mind perceives as a table would not exist if that mind were naught. At the same time, it must be admitted that the fact, that the ultimate physical reality is nothing but a multitude of separate revolving centers of electric force, also belongs to the human mind.
In the apprehension of Truth, there is an eternal conflict between the universal human mind and the same mind confined to the individual. The perpetual process of reconciliation is being carried on in our science, philosophy, in our ethics. In any case, if there be any Truth absolutely unrelated to humanity then for us it is absolutely non-existing.
It is not difficult to imagine a mind to which the sequence of things happens not in space but only in time like the sequence of notes in music. For such a mind such conception of reality is akin to the musical reality in which Pythagorean geometry can have no meaning. There is the reality of paper, infinitely different from the reality of literature. For the kind of mind possessed by the moth which eats that paper literature is absolutely non-existent, yet for Man’s mind literature has a greater value of Truth than the paper itself. In a similar manner, if there be some Truth which has no sensuous or rational relation to the human mind, it will ever remain as nothing so long as we remain human beings.

EINSTEIN: Then I am more religious than you are!

TAGORE: My religion is in the reconciliation of the Super-personal Man, the universal human spirit, in my own individual being.


Although this interaction between science and spirituality took place over 87 years ago, it is still relevant today. In spite of all the advances in science since that point — especially in quantum physics — the questions of the very nature of the universe, from fundamental Truths to Beauty, still resonate with us today.

READ ALSO: Some Crazy Facts About Albert Einstein


In 1931, Einstein wrote a small letter to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi expressing his admiration for the Father of the Nation. Despite not meeting even once, the two great minds shared their views on non-violence.

In his letter, Einstein mentioned how he hoped to see Mahatma Gandhi's methods of non-violence spread beyond the Indian borders to help tackle world conflicts of the time.

To this, Gandhi sent Einstein a reply, saying that he was delighted that his work on non-violence was being acknowledged and that he wished to meet Einstein at his ashram someday.



Happy Pi Day!

Happy Pi Day



What is Pi (π)?
Pi (π) is the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter. Pi is a constant number, meaning that for all circles of any size, Pi will be the same.
The diameter of a circle is the distance from edge to edge, measuring straight through the center. The circumference of a circle is the distance around.


HISTORY OF PI

By measuring circular objects, it has always turned out that a circle is a little more than 3 times its width around. In the Old Testament of the Bible (1 Kings 7:23), a circular pool is referred to as being 30 cubits around, and 10 cubits across. The mathematician Archimedes used polygons with many sides to approximate circles and determined that Pi was approximately 22/7. The symbol (Greek letter “π”) was first used in 1706 by William Jones. A ‘p’ was chosen for ‘perimeter’ of circles, and the use of π became popular after it was adopted by the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler in 1737. In recent years, Pi has been calculated to over one trillion digits past its decimal. Only 39 digits past the decimal are needed to accurately calculate the spherical volume of our entire universe, but because of Pi’s infinite & patternless nature, it’s a fun challenge to memorize and to computationally calculate more and more digits.


Pi Day is an annual celebration of the mathematical constant π (pi). Pi Day is observed on March 14 (3/14 in the month/day date format) since 3, 1, and 4 are the first three significant digits of π. In 2009, the United States House of Representatives supported the designation of Pi Day.

Pi Approximation Day is observed on July 22 (22/7 in the day/month date format), since the fraction 22⁄7 is a common approximation of π, which is accurate to two decimal places and dates from Archimedes.


Pi Day has been observed in many ways, including eating pie, throwing pies and discussing the significance of the number π, due to a pun based on the words "pi" and "pie" being homophones in English 



Tuesday, 6 February 2018

TVS NTorq 125 Scooter Launched In India; Priced At Rs. 58,750

TVS NTorq 125 Scooter
TVS NTorq 125 Scooter


The TVS NTorq 125 is the most powerful and technologically-equipped scooter from TVS Motor Company yet. With the new scooter, TVS has also introduced the SmartXConnect, a Bluetooth-enabled connected technology system that comes with a mobile app.
TVS Motor Company on Monday launched a sporty 125cc scooter, the NTorq 125, at Rs 58,750. Designed especially for the youth, the Ntorq 125 has been developed based on the TVS Racing pedigree and comes with the state-of-the-art CVTi-REVV 3 valve engine.
The scooter also marks the launch of an exclusive technology platform – TVS SmartXonnect, making it India’s first connected.

At the launch, Sudarshan Venu, joint managing director, TVS Motor Company, said: “TVS Motor Company has always placed utmost importance on developing products, which are aspirational for customers. With the launch of TVS Ntorq 125 has been developed based on the TVS Racing pedigree and comes with the state-of-the-art CVTi-REVV 3 valve engine.125, we have aimed at building an attractive product for the youth which is innovative and advanced.”
“With exciting design and smart features, we are confident that TVS Ntorq 125 will carve a niche in the scooter segment across the globe.”

The scooter features a sharp headlamp with daytime running light (DRL) on the front apron while indicators are mounted on the handlebar visor. The rear gets a sleek profile that ends with an interesting LED tail lamp and it also features a stubby exhaust muffler. The scooter gets 12-inch diamond cut alloy wheels and the overall design looks quite striking with dual-tone paint schemes.

At ₹ 58,750, the TVS NTorq 125 surely looks like the most modern and equipped 125 cc scooters in India. It's now set to rival the likes of Honda Activa 125, Suzuki Access a125 and the upcoming Aprilia 125, which is set to be launched at the Auto Expo 2018.

Monday, 5 February 2018

Top 5: Most Destructive Computer Viruses.




The 5 Worst Computer Viruses 


Getting a computer virus has happened to many users in some fashion or another. To most, it is simply a mild inconvenience, requiring a cleanup and then installing that antivirus program that you’ve been meaning to install but never got around to. But in other cases, it can be a complete disaster, with your computer turning into a very expensive brick which no amount of antivirus can protect.


Here are my top 5 Worms, Trojans, or Viruses.

1. Melissa
A macro virus named after a Miami stripper was so effective in 1999 that the tidal wave of email traffic it generated caused the likes of Intel and Microsoft to shut down their email servers. The virus contained a Word document labeled List.DOC as an attachment to an email allowing access to porn sites.
The email was first distributed to a Usenet group but quickly got out of hand. When a user opened the email a message, the infected Word attachment was sent to the first 50 names in the user's address book. The scheme was particularly successful because the email bore the name of someone the recipient knew and referenced a document they had allegedly requested. I recall spending long hours cleaning up after this one.

2. ILOVEYOU
The ILOVEYOU virus is considered one of the most virulent computer virus ever created and it’s not hard to see why. The virus managed to wreak havoc on computer systems all over the world, causing damages totaling in at an estimate of $10 billion. 10% of the world’s Internet-connected computers were believed to have been infected. It was so bad that governments and large corporations took their mailing system offline to prevent infection.
The virus was created by two Filipino programmers, Reonel Ramones and Onel de Guzman. What it did was use social engineering to get people to click on the attachment; in this case, a love confession. The attachment was actually a script that poses as a TXT file, due to Windows at the time hiding the actual extension of the file. Once clicked, it will send itself to everyone in the user’s mailing list and proceed to overwrite files by itself, making the computer unbootable. The two were never charged, as there were no laws about malware. This led to the enactment of the E-Commerce Law to address the problem.

3. MyDoom
MyDoom began appearing in inboxes in 2004 and soon became the fastest spreading worm ever to hit the web, exceeding previous records set by the Sobig worm and ILOVEYOU. A side note, though I knew people affected by Sobig and ILOVEYOU, I did not see either of these in the wild.
The reason that MyDoom was effective was that the recipient would receive an email warning of delivery failure – a message we have all seen at one time or another. The message prompted the recipient to investigate thus triggering the worm.
Once the attached file was executed, the worm would send itself to email addresses found in the local address book and also put a copy in a shared folder (KaZaA). Like Klez, MyDoom could spoof email but also had the ability to generate traffic through web searches, which placed a significant load on search engines like Yahoo and Google.

MyDoom was also significant for the second payload that it carried, which was a DDoS attack on the SCO group; albeit not the coordinated sort of attack, we would now expect to see with modern bot-nets. The origination of the virus is attributed or suggested to be someone in Russia, but no one was ever able to confirm.
Lastly, MyDoom contained the text “andy; I’m just doing my job, nothing personal, sorry,” which led many to believe that the virus was constructed for a fee for a spammer, though this also was not confirmed. Shot in the dark: if you are the Andy referenced in MyDoom and are reading this, please comment!

4. Code Red
Code Red first surfaced in 2001 and was discovered by two eEye Digital Security employees. It was named Code Red because the pair were drinking Code Red Mountain Dew at the time of discovery. The worm targeted computers with Microsoft IIS web server installed, exploiting a buffer overflow problem in the system. It leaves a very little trace on the hard disk as it is able to run entirely on memory, with a size of 3,569 bytes. Once infected, it will proceed to make a hundred copies of itself but due to a bug in the programming, it will duplicate even more and ends up eating a lot of the system's resources.
It will then launch a denial of service attack on several IP address, famous among them the website of the White House. It also allows backdoor access to the server, allowing for remote access to the machine. The most memorable symptom is the message it leaves behind on affected web pages, “Hacked By Chinese!”, which has become a meme itself. A patch was later released and it was estimated that it caused $2 billion in lost productivity. A total of 1-2 million servers were affected, which is amazing when you consider there were 6 million IIS servers at the time.

5. 2007 Storm Worm
Though I did consider the 1988 Morris worm, regarded as the first worm, I had to go with the 2007 Storm worm as the 5th to include. Known by many names the Storm Worm is a backdoor Trojan that affects Microsoft based computers.
Here, again, we see a distribution of payload through email, with the subject heading, “230 dead as storm batters Europe”. The Storm Worm was a Trojan horse that would join the infected computer to a bot-net – a network of remotely-controllable computers. Though it was thought to be a bot-net of millions of computers, the exact numbers were never known.
Flame is clearly the next evolution in computer viruses and was I an Iranian scientist Flame would definitely be at the top of my list. Which are on your list? Talk Back and Let Me Know.

Sunday, 4 February 2018

बजट 2018: सभी बड़ी बातें, यहां जानिये

बजट 2018
बजट 2018


वित्त मंत्री अरुण जेटली ने कहा कि बाजार में कैश का प्रचलन कम हुआ है। जीएसटी को आसान बनाने की कोशिश जारी है। हम दुनिया की पांचवीं सबसे बड़ी अर्थव्यवस्था बनेंगे।

बजट 2018 की अहम बातें:

  • छोटी इंडस्ट्री के लिए ऑनलाइन लोन फेसिलिटी देने का प्रस्ताव
  • मुद्रा योजना में 4.6 लाख करोड़ के 10.3 लाख लोगों को लोन मिले
  • ग्रामीण इलाकों में एक करोड़ रुपये से ज्यादा मकान बन रहे हैं
  • सरकार ने गरीबी दूर करने की कोशिश की
  • भारत उभरती हुई अर्थव्यवस्था
  • जीएसटी आने के बाद टैक्स कलेक्शन में बढ़ोतरी
  • निवेश में बढ़ोतरी हुई है
  • बाजार में कैश की कमी हुई है
  • दुनिया की पांच बड़ी अर्थव्यवस्थाओं में शुमार होगी भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था
  • हमने कई तरह की दिक्कतों का सामना किया लेकिन सुधारों से पीछे नहीं हटे
  • कृषि उत्पादन रिकार्ड स्तर पर पहुंच गया है
  • आईएमएफ ने भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था की तारीफ की है
  • 2017-18 में निर्यात में 15 फीसदी की बढ़ोतरी हुई है
  • सब्जियों और फल का रिकार्ड उत्पादन हुआ है
  • एमएसपी बढ़ा देना ही पर्याप्त नहीं
  • एमएसपी का पूरा लाभ किसानों को मिला
  • नीति आयोग ऐसी व्यवस्था बनाएगा जिससे किसानों को फसल की सही कीमत मिले
  • मोदी सरकार में होम लोन देने में काफी राहत दी गई
  • सरकार मसलों को टुकड़ों में नहीं सुलझाती
  • हमने खरीफ फसल का मूल्य लागत से डेढ़ गुना बढ़ा कर दी
  • सरकार को पूरा जोर गांवों और गरीबों के विकास पर
  • सरकार का जोर ईज ऑफ लिविंग पर
  • सरकार ने एमएसपी बढ़ाया
  • 2022 तक किसानों की आय दोगुना करने के लिए प्रतिबद्ध है सरकार
  • इस साल 275 मिलियन टन अनाज का उत्पादन हुआ
  • सरकार किसानों को बाजार की कीमत से ज्यादा कीमत देगी
  • हमारी सरकार ने संगठित खेती को बढ़ावा दिया
  • 1400 रुपये करोड़ कृषि संपदा योजना में देंगे
  • कृषि उत्पादों का अधिक से अधिक निर्यात करने पर जोर होगा ताकि किसानों की आय बढ़े
  • बांस सेक्टर के लिए 1290 करोड़ आवंटित किए गए हैं
  • आलू प्याज और टमाटर उगाने वाले किसानों के लिए सरकार 500 करोड़ रुपये देगी
  • दिल्ली-एनसीआर वायु प्रदूषण घटाने के लिए सरकार की स्कीम आएगी
  • माइक्रो सिंचाई के लिए सरकार लाएगी स्कीम
  • सरकार गरीबों के हक में लगातार काम करेगी
  • उज्जवल्ला योजना के तहत अब आठ करोड़ महिलाओं को गैस कनेक्शन
  • पशुपालन और मछली पालन के लिए 10 हजार करोड़
  • सौैर ऊर्जा के लिए सरकार पूरी तरह सजग
  • अगले वित्त वर्ष में दो करोड़ शौचालय बनाए जाएंगेे
  • चार करोड़ परिवार को मुफ्त बिजली कनेक्शन
  • 2022 तक देश के हर गरीब को मकान मुहैया कराने का लक्ष्य



Saturday, 3 February 2018

गरीब परिवार के लिए ख़ुशख़बरी?



इंडियन आयल के ओर से मिडिल क्लास रसोई उपभोग्ताओ के लिए अच्छी खबर, 1 बड़ा सिलेंडर लौटने पर उपभोगता को मिलेगी 2 छोटे सिलेंडर-

14.2 Kg

उज्ज्वला योजना में इस बात का पता चला के गैस कनेक्शन लेने के बाद गरीब लोग दोबारा सिलेंडर रिफिल नहीं करा पाते क्योकि उनके पास सिलेंडर दोबारा रिफिल करने के पैसे नहीं होते|
इसलिए सरकारी तेल कंपनी इंडियन आयल ने इस समस्या का समाधान निकलते हुए गरीब परिवार को 5-5 किलोग्राम के 2 सिलेंडर देने का प्रस्ताव किया है|
जी हाँ, अगर आपके पास रसोई गैस का बड़ा सिलेंडर(14.2 किलोग्राम) लेने के पैसे नहीं है,
तो आप इस सिलेंडर को लोटाकर 5-5 किलोग्राम के 2 सिलेंडर ले सकते है|

5 Kg
उदहारण के तौर पर अगर हम देश की राजधानी की बात करे तो यह 14.2 किलोग्राम का एक बड़ा सिलेंडर रिफिल कराने की कीमत 785 रुपए है|
अगर गरीब परिवार इतने पैसे नहीं दे पाएगा तो वे 5 किलोग्राम का छोटा सिलेंडर 350 रुपए में ले लेगा|
इस तरह से गरीब परिवार के लिए छोटे सिलेंडर को रिफिल करवाने के लिए राशि का इंतजाम करना आसान होगा|

Friday, 2 February 2018

क्या आप आँखों के आस पास के डार्क सर्कल से परेशान है|

डार्क सर्कल क्यों?

Dark Circle
Dark Circle

मेकअप करके और कंसीलर लगाकर भले ही आप आँखों के आस पास के काले घेरे को कुछ समय के लिए छुपा सकती है|

लेकिन इस समयसा को जड़ से समाप्त करना जरूरी है|

स्टेम जेन थेरिपी के सीइओ डॉ. प्रभु मिश्रा कहते है कि कभी-कभी डार्क सर्कल आनुवंशिक रूप से भी होते है|

यह आपकी त्वचा से भी सम्भंदित है, इसलिए सबसे पहले आपको इसके मूल कारण के बारे में जानने की जरूरत है|

फिर सही कारण जान कर उसका उपचार करना जरुरी है|
Water
Water

सबसे पहले त्वचा में नमी बनाये रखने के लिए खुद को हाईड्रेट रखे|

ऐसा तभी हो सकता है, जब आप नियमित रूप से भरपूर मात्रा में पानी पिए|

सेहत सम्भंदित कोई समयसा हो, तो उसकी जाँच करवाए|

कई बार हिमोग्लोबिन की कमी की वजह से भी ये समयसा होती है|

यदि आयरन की कमी है, तो इसके लिए आप सप्लीमेंट ले|

स्वश्थ और संतुलित आहार का सेवन करे|

जंक फ़ूड के सेवन से बचे|

इनमे कई ऐसे तत्व होती है, जिससे त्वचा में सूजन हो सकती है|

और इसके कारण डार्क सर्कल की समस्या होती है|

मौसमी फल और सब्जियों का सेवन करे|

सलाद के साथ निम्बू कीवी और खरबूजे जैसे फलो का सेवन करे|

इनमे पर्याप्त मात्रा में विटमिन- सी होता है|

जिससे डार्क सर्कल की समस्या दूर हो जाती है|

खान-पान के साथ तनाव से भी दूरी बनाना जरूरी है|

व्यायाम, योग, ध्यान के माध्यम से आप अपने तनाव के स्तर को कम कर सकती है|

साथ ही अछि नींद भी ले| धूम्रपान और शराब से परहेज करे|

आँखों का मेकअप हटाने के बाद उसके चारो तरफ बादाम के तेल या विटामिन ई युक्त क्रीम या सीरम से मसाज करे|

Almond Oil
Almond Oil


इसके बावजूद भी अगर डार्क सर्कल है, तो फिर लेजर विधि आपके लिए सही रहेगी|
Lesar vidhi



Thursday, 1 February 2018

Do you use Linux OS Here are Steps for Disk Partitioning in Linux.

Steps for Disk Partition in Linux

1. Open “Terminal”.

2. Login as root.

3. fdisk –l ←

4. fdisk /dev/sda ←

5. m ← (for help)

6. n ← (add a new partition)

7. p ← (primary partition)

8. Partition number (1-4): 2 ←

9. First cylinder (default 1): ­­________ ←

10. Last cylinder (­…+size{K,M,G}….): _______ ←






11. w ← (to save)

12. mkfs –t ext4 /dev/sda2 ← (to format)

13. Now mount the partition to a folder.

14. mkdir /Partition1 ←

15. chmod 777 /Partition1 ←

16. init 1 ←

17. vi /etc/fstab ←

18. i (insert)

19. Now add the following statement at the end of file /dev/sda2 /Partition1 ext4 default 0 0

20. Press “Esc”.

21. :wq ←

22. mount –a ← (to check error)

23. mount –o remount /Partition1 ←

Wednesday, 31 January 2018

Grammy Awards 2018 Winners list Hindi - ग्रैमी पुरस्कार 2018 के विजेताओं की सूची

ग्रैमी पुरस्कार 2018 के विजेताओं की सूची


ग्रैमी अवार्ड जिसे ग्रामोफोन पुरस्कार भी कहते हैं, परीक्षाओं में जरूर पूछे जाते हैं 60वें वार्षिक ग्रैमी अवॉर्ड की घोषणा हो चुकी है तो आईये जानते हैं ग्रैमी पुरस्कार 2018 के विजेताओं की सूची

 प्रथम ग्रैमी अवार्ड विजेता भारतीय - सितार वादक पंडित रविशंकर 
  1. बेस्ट न्यू आर्टिस्ट- एलीसिया कारा
  2. बेस्ट रैप परफॉर्मेंस- HUMBLE के लिए केंड्रिक लैमर
  3. बेस्ट पॉप सोलो परफॉर्मेंस- SHAPE OF YOU के लिए एड शरीन
  4. बेस्ट R&B परफॉर्मेंस- That’s What I Like के लिए ब्रूनो मार्स
  5. बेस्ट पॉप वोकल एल्बम- एड शरीन
  6. बेस्ट रैप परफॉर्मेंस- LOYALTY के लिए केंड्रिक लैमर, रिहाना
  7. बेस्ट कंट्री एल्बम- BROKEN HALOS
  8. बेस्ट रैप एल्बम- DAMN के लिए केंड्रिक लैंमर
  9. बेस्ट अमेरिकाना एल्बम- The Nashville sound
  10. सॉन्ग ऑफ द ईयर- That’s what I like, ब्रूनो मार्स
  11. बेस्ट रॉक एल्बम- A Deeper Understabding, द वार ऑन ड्रग्स

Super Blue Moon When and Where to see the rare Lunar Eclipse.






A Super Blue Blood Moon is coming


A rare celestial occurrence called a 'Super Blue Blood Moon' will be visible on January 31, 2018. What exactly is this rare phenomenon and where can you see it?


NO ONE HAS SET EYES ON THIS IN 150 YEARS, AND IT'S COMING TODAY

Sky lovers are excited for the extraterrestrial triple treat to be witnessed in the sky today.

A super blue blood moon will be eclipsed on Wednesday from 6 PM to 9:30 PM at various locations across the country.

Sky enthusiasts have taken out their telescopes and booked a cosy place on their terrace or garden to watch the celestial spectacle.


What is this Super blue blood moon?

Super moons occur when the full moon coincides with the Moon’s closest orbit point (perigee) to the planet. During a super moon, the Moon appears upto 14 per cent larger and 30 per cent brighter, according to NASA. Remember most celestial bodies in our solar system have an elliptical orbit. These include the orbit of the Earth around the Sun, as well as the orbit of the Moon. The farthest distance between the moon and the Earth is termed ‘apogee’, while the perigee is the nearest point between planet Earth and its satellite.

The reason this January 31 event is a Super blue blood moon is because this will also be a total lunar eclipse, when the satellite has reddish tinge to it. It is also the second total lunar eclipse in the month of January 2018, and according to NASA, a second total lunar eclipse during a month is called ‘blue moon’. Thus the Super moon has become a “super blue blood moon.”

There hasn't been a triple lineup like this since 1982, and the next won't occur until 2037.


Do I need any special binoculars or a telescope to see this phenomenon?

Not at all. It can be seen through the naked eye.



Saturday, 27 January 2018

गणतंत्र दिवस के शुभ अवसर पर जिओ ने दिया अपने यूजरस को गिफ्ट| जानिए क्या क्या होंगी प्लान-



गणतंत्र दिवस के शुभ अवसर पर जिओ ने दिया अपने यूजरस को गिफ्ट|
जानिए क्या क्या होंगी प्लान-

पहले हम बात करते है 99 रुपए में कैसे मिलेगा 84 दिनों वाला प्लान-
यह 399 रुपए वाला प्लान सबसे है जिसमे यूजरस को अनलिमिटिएड कॉल्स और प्रतिदिन 1 GB  डाटा मिलता है|

इस ऑफर का लाभ 99 रुपए में उठाने के लिए जिओ ने मोबीविकि वॉलेट से हाथ मिलाया है|
अगर यूजर मोबीविकि वॉलेट से 399 वाला रिचार्ज करता तो यूजर को 300 रुपए का कैशबैक मिलता है|

जिससे यूजर केवल 99 रुपए में 300 रुपए वाले प्लान का लाभ उठा सकता है|

आइए जानते है और प्लान के बारे में-

99 रुपए-  ये जिओ का सबसे सस्ता प्लान है| जिसको जिओ ने अपडेट किया है|
पहले इस प्लान में यूजर को 14 दिन की वैधतया के साथ अनलिमिटेड कॉल और 2.1 जीबी डाटा मिलता था|
जिओ ने अब इस प्लान की वैधता 14 दिन से बढ़ा कर 28 दिन कर दी है|

149 रुपए -  इस प्लान में यूजर को 28 दिनों की वैधता के साथ 28 जीबी डाटा और अनलिमिटेड कॉलस मिलती थी|
जिओ ने इस प्लान में डाटा 28 जीबी से बढ़ा कर 42 जीबी कर दिया है| जिससे यूजर को प्रतिदिन 1.5 जीबी डाटा मिलेगा|

198रुपए -  इस प्लान में पहले 42 जीबी डाटा मिलता था|
अब इस प्लान में यूजर को 28 दिन की वैधता के साथ 56 जीबी डाटा और अनलिमिटेड कॉल्स मिलेगी|

349 रुपए-  इस प्लान में यूजर को पहले 70 जीबी डाटा मिलता था|
अब इस प्लान में यूजर को 70 दिन की वैधता के साथ 105 जीबी डाटा और अनलिमिटेड कॉल्स मिलेगी|

399 रुपए-  इस प्लान में यूजर को 84 दिनों की वैधता के साथ 84 जीबी डाटा मिलता था|
जिसको बढ़ा कर अब 126 जीबी डाटा कर दिया गया है|

448 रुपए- इस प्लान में अब 126 जीबी के बदले 84 दिनों की वैधता के साथ 168 जीबी डाटा मिलेगा|

498 रुपए- इस प्लान में यूजर को अब 182 जीबी डाटा मिलेगा|
जबकि पहले इस प्लान में यूजर को 136 जीबी डाटा मिलता था|
इस प्लान की वैधता 91 दिन होगी|